Robotic Assisted Joint Replacement Surgery
What is Robotic Assisted Surgery?
Robotic-Arm Assisted Technology is used for partial knee (medial, lateral and patella-femoral) AND full knee replacements. It is also used for some hip replacements. It applies sophisticated 3D planning, virtual surgery AND robotic precision cutting tools, for accuracy and minimum tissue damage.
Using a specific 3-D model of your anatomy, the Mako technology and the Robotic cutting arm, guides the surgeon to execute a fully personalised surgical plan with fine control.
Mako robotic orthopaedic surgery technology allows your surgeon to perform the surgery with a less invasive approach and personalize your surgical plan.
By utilizing 3D modelling derived from a CT scan the surgeon can ensure your joint implant is:
- Sized correctly
- Positioned accurately
- Oriented with precision
- The best fit for your surrounding ligaments and muscles
Further, during the procedure the surgeon can adjust and align the implant in real time, before making the final cuts.
Benefits of Mako Robotic Surgery
A precision implant can result in
- Improved joint movement and soft-tissue balance
- More natural feeling joint
- Smaller scar
- Minimal blood loss
- Shorter hospital stay
- Reduced postoperative pain
- Quicker recovery period and rehabilitation
- Faster return to daily normal activities
Are you a candidate for the Mako procedure?
The first step is to get your complete medical history including your symptoms, when they began, how they have progressed and any non-surgical treatment(s) you have tried.
Dr Boecksteiner will then perform a thorough examination of your joint, she may, observe you while you are standing and walking, examine your knee, hips and ankle alignment, and evaluate your range of motion, ligament stability and angular deformity.
If surgery might be the best option for you, a weight-bearing X-ray is often needed to determine the extent of damage.
Stages of Mako
The surgery has 2 stages:
Your Personalized Plan
A CT scan of your joint is used to generate a 3D virtual model. This provides us with the information we need to properly determine the damaged areas that need to be removed for the precise placement of your knee implant.
This virtual model is uploaded into the Mako system software and is used to create your personalized pre-operative plan.
Your Precision Surgery
In theatre your surgeon will use the Mako plan to assist in performing your surgery based on your personalized pre-operative data.
The actual surgery will last approximately one hour and the average hospital stay is 2-3 days. I some cases less than 2 days
You will be asked to walk soon after surgery, and most patients are back to normal daily activities such as driving a car within two-three weeks.
How long can an implant used in a Mako last?
All implants have a limited life expectancy that depends on several factors including a patient’s weight, activity level, quality of bone stock and compliance with the doctor’s orders.
However, alignment and positioning are also very important factors affecting the life expectancy of an implant. By using the Mako Tactile Guidance System™, we aim to achieve the optimal alignment and positioning for your implant to help it last as long as possible.