Meniscus is the C-shaped two pieces of cartilage located between thighbone and shin bone that act as shock absorbers and cushion the joints. Meniscus distributes the body weight uniformly across the joint and avoids the pressure on any one part of the joint and development of arthritis. Being the weight bearing part, meniscus is prone to wear and tear and meniscal tear is one of the common knee injuries. Meniscal tear may be developed by people of all ages and is more common in individuals who play contact sports.
On the pattern of tear, meniscal tear may be of different types such as longitudinal, parrot-beak, flap, bucket handle, and mixed/complex tear. Sudden twist, squat, or tackle may be the cause for meniscal tear in adults and ageing may cause the tear in elderly individuals. Meniscal tear may cause severe pain, stiffness and swelling, catching or locking of the knee, and may limit the movement. Meniscal tear is often diagnosed with the presenting symptoms and imaging techniques such as X-rays or magnetic resonance imaging scan.
Symptomatic and immediate treatment for meniscal tear is the R.I.C.E (Rest, Ice, Compression, and Elevation) and use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications. Surgery is recommended in severe cases and may be performed using arthroscopic technique. Your surgeon may also order for rehabilitation program following the surgery for better and quicker recovery.